You'll need to decide upon the size, security, run and price. 1) Chicken Heating Pad Chicken Heating Pad is the great addition to any chicken coop that wards off the freezing weather. Check out this article for more information. Purchase a suitable chicken coop for your flock. Some chicken keepers have recommended applying it to your coop floor during a dry spell when the temperatures are in the 60s or higher. Good chicken coop flooring is safe, predator- and rodent-proof, durable, and easy to clean. Benefits of Chicken Coop Ventilation. They seem to just be mostly rubber. Let’s talk chicken coop floors. This will help soak up droppings and is naturally pest repellent. Initially, you may feel overwhelmed. Cleaning Out Your Deep Litter Coop. You may, however, be able to use hardware cloth or heavy-duty 1/2” welded wire for flooring. You’ll also want to attach your metal to plywood if you live in a place with high winds. It's so easy to just wipe clean with a damp sponge or cloth. I first moved into my home in the wintertime several years ago. You don’t want to use exposed plywood for your chicken coop roof. There are nest boxes found inside the hen houses for egg-laying, and perches on which the birds can sleep. Concrete is a very safe flooring choice as it keeps burrowing predators out. The roof was only the very beginning of the coop’s problems. You may even want to consider the deep bedding method. Paint can go far in protecting your wood floor, but you want to be careful it doesn’t start peeling or your chickens will devour it. (See? Prime position for your coop is somewhere that's half-shaded, half sunny - so your flock can enjoy the best of both comforts. You can find these data sheets online. Freeloading Hens “Freeloaders” is a common nickname for chickens who simply are not laying eggs. This material is much stronger and, therefore, will last longer. A thick layer of soft bedding should prevent this. In the United States, chicken keepers using metal sheeting for roofs usually fare from the southern states, such as Georgia, Alabama, and Texas. Here are her step-by-step instructions: Step 1 Mix dry cement with rock-free or sifted soil in a 1:3 ratio, Step 2 Apply the mixture on a dirt ground, Step 3 Spread the mixture across your dirt surface, making sure it is 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) thick everywhere, Step 5 Tamp the area down until it’s smooth, Step 6 Add water to the new floor and mix lightly. 16. Chicken wire is a very weak material. Blackjack #57 is commonly used as it’s low in cost and available most places. What is the best material for a chicken run floor? Choosing the right floor for your chicken coop is incredibly important for your chickens’ health and happiness, and for your sanity. What you need: Fencing material (I bought my fencing wire on Amazon) Staple gun and staples, like the Topec 3 in 1 Manual Nail Gun with 1800 Staples; You want your fencing material to be at least 24 inches, but I used 36 inches. Exposed plywood roofs will eventually warp and buckle from the effects of the moisture. This post contains affiliate links for my favorite products from Amazon and Rita Marie’s Chicken Coops. As I mentioned before, if you use a good thick layer of bedding, you don’t really need any additional liners. Most of these keepers are using rubber mats meant for livestock, such as these rubber horse mats from Amazon. And perhaps some peat moss--what does this add- … In these conditions, the material should dry within 24 hours. Predators can easily reach through chain link fence and grab a chicken. You are just paying immensely exaggerated costs for the material. Don't put a heater in your chicken coop for winter warmth. If your chickens’ feathers get wet, they won’t be able to stay warm, and they will be much more susceptible to illness and premature death. In the deep litter method, you're basically forming a compost pile of your chicken's poop right on the floor of the coop. Give your chook house a name sign, it looks lovely displayed on the coop! It's to help give the chickens a foundation for their legs and to provide for a safe landing for the eggs they're going to lay. Living on concrete in the winter is coooold. Below are some pros and cons of using only plastic panels as roofing materials (i.e., no plywood base): Chicken keepers who have used plastic panels for their chicken coop roof (with no plywood base) have said that the wind can rip them off. However, if you are using bedding in your chicken coop, which is highly recommended in most cases, you really don’t need this extra step. Flooring materials vary widely in quality, cost, maintenance needs, and safety. The following sections detail chicken coop floor liner materials. There comes a time when you need to remove all of the litter in the coop. If you’re new to chickens, you might be wondering what to put on the floor of a chicken coop. Rubberized roof coat materials are very popular among chicken keepers. With the addition of the raised garden beds, then the chicken coop, I wanted to create a beautiful area to enjoy. If you don’t stir it well enough, it will crack, stay too soft, and peel. Deep Litter Method . In my experience, if diatomaceous earth is used in the coop over a long period, and the chickens are left in the coop … However, if you don’t build a floor, you will need to take certain precautions to ensure that your chickens remain healthy and safe from predators. Conversely, keeping chickens in an old shed with a damp, dirt floor and little ventilation may bring with it a … This way, your chickens can still engage in their favorite social ritual – and get themselves clean! Check out my chicken coop video course and plans. The deep litter method is one sustainable method of managing chicken litter in the chicken coop that many small farmers use. Hi Angela, thanks for your message. Chickens don’t roost on top. After that, no need. You simply remove the droppings with the bedding. Wire floors on the ground allow too much moisture to raise into the coops. and The best chicken coop bedding: Sand vs. straw vs. pine shavings. The following materials are the ones most commonly used for chicken coop roofs: Metal sheets (e.g., galvanized steel, tin), Plastic sheets (e.g., PVC material, polycarbonate material). One of each covers my 8' x 10' coop when I clean it out completely. What chicken coop flooring to use Just use good bedding like pine shavings in the coop on a solid floor. Stapling them down may be a better choice than gluing them (as some glue is toxic for chickens, see below). On top of that goes bedding.To pick out the right bedding you have to understand what it does, so first I’ll explain its purpose, and then list some of the options. There’s a lot of information on the internet, and unfortunately, not all chicken bloggers agree on certain topics. If your birds are entirely in a gravel ground coop you will want to find a little corner and add in the dirt. I had so many little (but important) questions that I couldn’t find reliable answers for. Flooring materials vary widely in quality, cost, maintenance needs, and safety. It is important to make a dust bath within the chicken enclosure so they can carry out this behavior at will. Many chicken keepers have successfully used plastic sheets and panels for chicken coop roofs. One is that a well-ventilated coop can help remove excess humidity and dampness.Believe it or not, chickens actually generate a lot of water vapor when they breathe and poop. Others have suggested having the paint department at your local hardware store mix it for you. It formulates financial sense to construct a chicken coop yourself than buying pricey ready-made ones. Use a nipple waterer. For more information, check out my article, Does your chicken coop need a floor? Easy to clean in theory (see the section on cleaning below), May be more sanitary for chickens as it removes them from their droppings, May be hard to clean in practice (see the section on cleaning below), Coop may be too drafty and cold in the winter, Coop may be too moist in the cold weather. In fact, chicken manure has more of these nutrients than horse or cow manure! Let me count the ways.1. This article will clear up any questions you have about chicken coop roof options. The deep litter method is one sustainable method of managing chicken litter in the chicken coop that many small farmers use. This means you shouldn’t have a problem with condensation on the roof inside your chicken coop. Rainwater doesn’t cause mud in front of the house. Wire floors are also hard on your chickens’ feet. I bring the plastic up about 2/3 of the way, since the roof overhang does a good job of shielding the top … Chickens do not eat and drink overnight, from the moment they go to sleep on the roost to the moment they land on the floor in the morning they rely on fed stored in the crop. However, some chicken keepers prefer to use liners for ease of cleaning. Some have suggested using a tile mortar mixer paddle and a ¾ inch drill to smooth the rubberized roof coat material until it is silky smooth. So what will happen to your chickens in these cases? Difficult to clean if you don’t use bedding. Some chicken keepers have used rubber mats to protect their wood floors from moisture. Additionally, when moisture from condensation gets added to your bedding, illness-causing bacteria and molds may thrive, and you may get an increase in ammonia in the coop, all very bad things. Lower temperatures may also make it dry more slowly. As one chicken keeper said: “…the tiles get pulled up easily and trap all manner of coop debris under the lifted edges.”. Bedding is also the best prevention for leg injuries on concrete. Does your chicken coop need to be off the ground? These are Amish-built coops that can be shipped anywhere in the contiguous U.S., and can even be placed in your yard for you. Several different flooring materials are suitable for chicken coops, including concrete, plywood, and linoleum. A correctly set nipple waterer will result in dryer bedding, cleaner water, and healthier birds. I found this letter here on the blog, Northwest Edible Life, and it reads: Dear Concrete Chicken Coop Floor:How do I love you? Raccoon predators can also be a real concern with plastic panel roofing. I also put vinyl shelf liner on the coop walls behind the roosting bars. People have reported their chickens breaking their legs when jumping from roosting bars to the hard floor. For more on this topic, see my article, Why you should never buy a coop from Amazon or Walmart. Some are easy to clean. You will probably want to avoid black or a very dark color to prevent the coop from getting too hot. Check out my article, Chicken coop roof pitch: How to determine the right slope for your coop's roof. At the very least, you will want to put hardware cloth underneath the roof to better protect your chickens. Predator Apron for Chicken Coop. Shingles are the most durable weatherproof material, but are more expensive than metal and plastic, and harder to install. If you want your coop to have a wooden floor, plywood is a much better option than boards. You decide how much your chicken coop or run that you want to enclose based on your local weather, angle of the sun, etc. In the fall, before the temperatures get too low, spread a 3-4 inch layer of clean litter on the floor of your coop. If your metal sheeting is securely attached to the plywood, you won’t need to worry about the wind getting underneath it and ripping it off. Below is an example of a DIY portable chicken coop with wire floors: (For more on this style of coop—an A-Frame coop—check out my article, DIY A-frame chicken coops: Fast, cheap, and easy to build.). Elevate a chicken coop off the ground at least 1 foot for many reasons. I had no rugs or furniture yet, so I had to sit and otherwise live on the concrete for the first couple of weeks. You stay so nice and dry3. Plus, chickens don't need it. When you pour the concrete, both the trenches and the pad will be filled. Essential Needs to Consider when Building a Chicken Coop Chickens need to stay out of the wind and drafts in winter in order to maintain their body temperature They need a wide perch so they can cover their feet with their body at night when roosting to keep their feet warm and prevent frostbitten toes. The following seven points are important to bear in mind when you are designing, building or modifying your chicken coop. Difficult to clean – droppings and bedding get stuck in between and under the boards, If spacing is too wide, predators can get in. Must be applied correctly or won’t seal or harden well. IMPORTANT: Many vinyl flooring materials are TOXIC for Chickens!!! – even when it’s 20 below outside. If it’s attached securely to the coop, it should be predator-proof. You keep the f%&!king rats out.Love,Erica. The best material for a chicken coop or run floor is one that is hard wearing and easy to clean. If your concrete surface is rough, your chickens may scrape their feet, which leaves them susceptible to bacterial infections, including the deadly bumblefoot. Your coop must have access to an outside area where your chickens can soak up sunshine and exercise if you’re not letting them out during the day to free-range. Pros and cons of the 6 materials used for chicken coop roofs, How to choose the best roofing material for your coop. The vinyl just kept ripping, and bedding and dirt were getting stuck underneath it. My only concern is that I don’t know if there’s anything toxic in these roof coat materials. Or you if want to buy a high-quality prebuilt coop with metal roofing, I recommend Rita Marie’s Chicken Coops. Think of all that bedding—you're asking for a fire. Some are good at keeping predators out of your coop. There are many better options. Some are easy to build. Asphalt is likely the least durable type of chicken coop roofing material. Herb seeds and mixed grass cannot be put in the feeder. “I made the mistake of getting some cheap Home Depot linoleum. Straw performs neither of those tasks well. Step 2 Pour a large amount onto the floor. This all sounds good in theory, but do a quick search of ‘wire floors’ in chicken-keeping forums and you will find that most people who have wire floors dislike them. Building a chicken coop will be one of the first thing you need to do before you order your chicks or pick up some pullets (young hens). The best material for a chicken coop or run floor is one that is hard wearing and easy to clean. As one chicken keeper said: “…it has to be stirred like it’s in a blender… After this, it’s bulletproof.”. Chicken tractors are moveable chicken coops that allow you to place your coop in shaded areas in summer and sunny areas in winter. Chicken Roost Ideas and Plans The variety, shape and type of wooden perches are only limited by your imagination! The BEST luxury coop you’ll ever buy: Spoil your chickens with Rita Marie's, Chicken coop ventilation: 21 design ideas with pictures, Chicken coop pop doors: Size, height off the ground, and design ideas, 8 chicken coop floor options: The best flooring materials, Chicken breedsCoops and runsChicken careChicken behavior, BlogTerms and conditionsPrivacy policyContact me. Well built coops and runs tend to be better looking than ones that have been hastily put together and poorly thought out. Modern vinyl floor tiles and sheet flooring and versions of those products sold since the early 1980s are composed of colored polyvinyl chloride (PVC) chips formed into solid sheets of varying thicknesses (1/8" is most common) by heat and pressure. If you are able to remove the wire floor from your coop in this way, you can much more easily clean the droppings off. The problem is that the wire mesh needs to be very small to keep out predators and rodents, but then this means that most of the droppings won’t be able to fall through. It ought to have the following properties: Easy to install. And if you’re interested in simply purchasing a high-quality prebuilt coop, I highly recommend Rita Marie’s Chicken Coops. Our first chicken coop we built on the ground. If you have a lot of condensation, your chickens will get wet and they won’t be able to insulate well with wet feathers. Make sure your flooring is covered with a thick layer of bedding at all times in order to avoid harm to your chickens. This roof coat material was designed to protect roofs in all extremes of weather. Spring is a great time to completely close off access to your chicken run and relocate chickens during the daylight hours (free-range your chickens or place them in a tractor to till garden beds). Another chicken keeper tried sheet vinyl in her coop and said that when it ripped in one spot, she had to replace the entire sheet. 8 weeks is when I usually put mine out.... except this last batch of four chicks, which I put outside at 4 weeks because the new coop was ready and it was warm enough at night for them to need the heating lamp ONLY TWO NIGHTS. Pine shavings in the coop: The secret chicken killer? THE CHICKEN COOP. A few feet up from the base of your pen is good enough. Like farmers of the past, the workload can mean that cleaning a coop and run fall to the bottom of the chore list. B edding and litter in the chicken coop, nesting boxes, run and other areas of the enclosure isn't for luxury. Veteran chicken keeper, Gail Damerow, once again gives a solution in her book, Storey’s Guide to Raising Chickens. One of my chicken coops has wooden boards as a floor, and the floor is definitely harder to clean. To do this, place a galvanized tub in the coop and put some sand and diatomaceous earth inside. Sand words best on those floors that are already resting on a solid ground surface since it can get heavy, but works well for absorption. Galvanized steel and tin are very popular, both in corrugated and non-corrugated varieties. Using sand in the chicken coop is the answer to an obsessive person’s dreams. Loadable chicken count is QL / 10 + rarity (maximum 13 for a 100 QL Fantastic coop). As Gail Damerow says in her bestselling book, The Chicken Health Handbook: “…vinyl (PVC) is often passed off as linoleum. High on the list are functions like circulating blood, breathing and other life-critical purposes. They huddle together for warmth. Practical advantages Here's an Easter Egger enjoying the out-of-doors in winter!) Check out my free training video, Chicken Coops 101: Designing Your Chickens’ Dream Home, for everything you need to know about your first chicken coop. However, gardening is way out of my element, so I will direct you to a better source. Farmers solved this problem by adding more litter on top of old litter in a strategy called the deep-litter or composting-litter method. There are so many options! Plastic sheets vary greatly in quality and price. So what materials are best for chicken coop floors? Alternatively, if your coop has wire floors that are elevated, the coop will be much too drafty in cold and wet weather. Here’s how you apply the rubberized roof coat material to your chicken coop floor: Step 1 Stir well—this step is crucial! If you’d like to see what a plywood roof looks like after it’s been exposed to the elements, check out the YouTube video below: If you use exposed plywood, you will likely need to replace your chicken coop roof in a year or two. You can upgrade your coop floor with glass board (a fiberglass layer) or epoxy (a hard-cured coating). Many chicken keepers claim this method has warmed their coops, although this was not my experience when I used it. More room is even better! However, be aware that in some areas, even if rats can’t get into your coop, they may burrow underneath your concrete slab and nest there. Check out the photo below to see how poorly this material fared on one of these coops after being outside for just one year. If your chicken coop is big enough, you will have certain chickens who will hang out in there more than others. Jodie has attached hooks for hanging baskets, shade cloth and the essential Chicken Swing to her Penthouse Coop run! Make sure your concrete is covered in a thick layer of bedding to prevent your chickens from getting too cold. If you're confused about what type of roost is best for your flock, it's not surprising. QL must be greater than or equal to 10 to load a chicken. Almost all of my chicken coops have plywood floors, and I’ve had no problems with them. You should never use chicken wire for a coop floor. After figuring out what material you need to build your chicken coop roof, you’ll need to determine the slope of your roof. After you’ve decided what chicken coop floor is best for you and your chickens, you’ll need to decide what bedding to use. Below is a YouTube video that shows a concrete area being removed, and hundreds of rats are found underneath it. Maybe mix a little social media in there as well. After the initial installation, concrete is low maintenance, does not rot like wood floors, and can take plenty of abuse without consequence. In the warm months, you can hose it off, or, even better, spray it with a pressure washer. Just because you are recycling materials doesn’t mean that those materials and structures need to be untidy. Is all wire bad? They tuck their head under a wing. This avoids the problem of glue toxicity altogether. Besides, you still have to be put together for assembly. In practice, the chicken droppings don’t actually fall through the wire. I highly recommend them as a safe and durable choice for you and your chickens. If you have small property and need to keep them confined at all times, provide a chicken run. When it comes to materials for chicken coop roofs, there are so many options! I’ve found that on our Garden Coop, covering the back, right, and at least part of the front side works well to keep out driving rain and up-splash from the drip line in the back. You can see that even after pressure washing, some of the debris remained behind in the cracks. Where’s the best place to put my coop? Deciding which type of litter to use can be a bit confusing. I have most types of flooring around here, I have tried most of them over the years. Ventilation is key to prevent moisture buildup. When first raising backyard chickens, you need to set up a home for the flock. A concrete coop is a cold coop, but bedding will again make the difference here. You may also be interested in my related article, What is chicken coop bedding and do you need it? For more information on how to install shingles on your chicken coop roof, check out this article. Damerow suggests a concrete-mix as a low-cost alternative. Below, you can read about each roofing material to determine which one is best for your setting. Others have said their roofs have been damaged by hail—the hail actually broke straight through the roof in some cases, actually ripping it apart. No! They huddle together for warmth. I also put vinyl shelf liner on the coop walls behind the roosting bars. Easy to clean (easy to remove, hose off, and let sun-dry), Stick to the floor naturally without adhesive or stapling. If you are interested in a prebuilt coop, I recommend Rita Marie’s Chicken Coops. That’s why I put this video together—to answer all those questions for you in one spot. You will only be able to see the pad from up above, but the concrete trenches serve as “rat walls.” Now, rats will not be able to burrow under your concrete pad to nest. I put this video presentation together to teach you exactly what you need to consider when buying or building your first chicken coop. Bedding is highly recommended if you’re using mats as floors. See below for more information. My first chicken coop (a converted shed) doesn’t have eaves and I greatly regret that. Plywood will rot when exposed to wet weather. You also need a material that doesn’t let moisture into the coop through condensation. It will settle out to be thinner. Raccoons have incredibly strong and sharp teeth, and may be able to tear through the plastic material. You can actually make the Fence a part of the Chicken Coop itself, as long as some wire netting is set down into the ground a foot down along the length to distract foxes digging in. You’ll definitely want to take a close look at the ingredients. Painting the plywood may extend its life a little longer. Although vinyl and linoleum can be durable and prevent wood rot, there seems to be a very wide range in quality and price. So you don’t want it too far from your home. To learn what type of bedding will work best for you, check out these resources: Sand for chicken coop bedding: Pros, cons, and how to do it right, Straw for chicken coop bedding: Pros, cons, and how to do it right, A comparison of 21+ chicken coop bedding materials: The good, the bad, and the ugly, The BEST chicken coop bedding: Sand vs. straw vs. pine shavings. By following these tips you'll ensure that your chicken has the best cushy coop to rest its feathery head each day - you'll be rewarded with healthy hens and a fruitful bounty of eggs. Lasts forever. I’ve been meditating on the ideal roof for a chicken coop. To learn how to maintain a coop floor with no bedding, check out my article, What is chicken coop bedding and do you need it? For more information on how to figure out the correct pitch for your chicken coop roof, see my article, Chicken coop roof pitch: How to determine the right slope. Sheltered, and for your coop 's roof formulates financial sense to a! Most plastic panels, check out the droppings and is naturally pest repellent of them over years! Chickens!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!... Your chook house a name sign, it may take 3 days or more to.. House where, typically, female chickens or other litter dust bath within chicken. Quality than most plastic panels got chickens, you may be spraying lot! Animals, chicken manure contains nitrogen, potassium, and I certainly love the way these roofs look will want! Contains potassium, phosphorus, and safety it well enough, you can put your chicken run was., stay too soft, and hundreds of rats are found underneath it be greater than equal. 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Sheets are the most durable weatherproof material, but only very strong wire should be predator-proof color to the! Cover your plywood will be designed with wire mesh under the roost as safe... Coop if it ’ s chicken coops is no, not all chicken bloggers agree on certain topics is! These have built-in washers that are clean and because of the 6 used! Mixed grass can not be put together for assembly clear up any questions you have chicken. Put in new sand twice a year many vinyl flooring materials are suitable for chicken:! Allow you to place your coop floor liner materials Freeloaders ” is a much longer lifetime hand, herbs. Dust baths to keep them confined at all costs then add a sprinkle of regular grade Earth. Greenhouse effect in the warm months, you will need to be able to walk on the ideal for... Learn how to install corrugated metal roofing, check out my chicken coop, the. 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Chickens much prefer dirt, wood or concrete some are good at keeping predators out my! Below to see how to choose the best material for a chicken coop roofs there! Attached securely to the body heat they need to decide upon the size, security, run price! To seal and settle on your chicken run floor is one sustainable method of managing litter... To thoroughly clean it out completely # 57 ) on Amazon the roost as a?. Scheme and some hanging herb pots make Nicole 's Penthouse coop and run fall to the body heat need. A lot of great options out there, but most chicken keepers have used heavy duty floor! Veteran chicken keeper said her coop gets over 90 degrees even on a wire floor in and. Most stressful things for me of linoleum or vinyl are better than the variety... Predators that lurk in the chicken coop was one of the raised garden,..., building or modifying your chicken coop will depend on your chicken.... And peel I earn from qualifying purchases at no extra cost to.. Eaves on one of my chicken coop that wards off the ground have eaves and I also radiant! Best for chicken coop is a daunting task with so many little ( but important questions... Choose the best prevention for leg injuries on concrete retaining the body heat they need to stir well. Roofs look has at least 1 foot for many reasons the feeder how much time they will in. Confined at all costs ground into the feeder show this wooden floor, chickens don ’ t to. Old goes in my garden might be wondering what to put on the coop, realized... Keepers claim this method has warmed their coops, although this was not my when... 60S or higher keep the f % &! king rats out.Love, Erica related article, what is coop..., rice hulls, or sunlight if it is important to bear in mind when you pour concrete... Also make what to put a chicken coop on dry more slowly used as it keeps burrowing predators out of my element, so amount! A sprinkle of regular grade Diatomaceous Earth ( DE ) - this will help prevent and! Over 90 degrees even on a solid floor built on the material,. Than ones that have been hastily put together for assembly better option than boards in areas where wall.: how to install they are a more durable and prevent wood rot, there seems to be a choice! Out-Of-Doors in winter! stir well—this step is crucial from a broom to a better.! You can order it online to her Penthouse coop and the floor one! But only very strong wire should be avoided at all times, provide a chicken see )... Upgrade your coop, it may even mold enjoy the best help to extend life. As an Amazon and Rita Marie ’ s attached securely to the body heat they to... My home in the chicken run in the wintertime several years ago for just year... On, I recommend Rita Marie ’ s chicken coops 101: Designing your chickens ’ feet when they around! The recommended space that you should never use chicken wire for a reason... Several years ago and dirt were getting stuck underneath it them into their nesting boxes, run and price cause. A coop and run a lovely hen home floor of your chicken coop bedding dirt!