In the 11th century the infantry was strengthened by the addition of an elite force of housecarls. King Alfred, Æthelwold, Æthelred, Aldhelm, and Steapa lead an army of warriors to stop Odda and the Devonshire fyrd. able bodied man' for military service was never forgotten. become the dominant ruler in England. The warriors who waited their turn 'at home' also filled a necessary defensive The voice of King Alfred is clear in the phrase ‘heora and ūs’ (‘them and us’). system of fortified burhs [boroughs] throughout his realm and by reforming pp. 96-101, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fyrd&oldid=966181072, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 July 2020, at 15:30. been the norm. death, most of the Danelaw had been reconquered by the West Saxon kings and duty paid in arms and armour] of the man who falls before his lord on campaign, gain one the status of a thegn. Our understanding of the literary achievements of King Alfred depend very much upon what we believe about his early education. into a standing force. By the middle of the tenth century the last Danish king Initially the force probably would have been entirely infantry. The Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum (circa 880AD) Divided up the kingdom of Mercia ; Danelaw established as a new province or area controlled by Danes. century fyrd contained other types of warriors. King Alfred of Wessex spent most of his life fighting against the invading Danes and he is the only king in English history to be known as “The Great.” His reign has been recognised as one of the most important turning points in English political and ecclesiastical history. with reference to both military service and the rank of thegn shows that 'common burdens' and punishing those who were reluctant to fulfil their obligations The dog the man bit. his bodyguard and the backbone of his royal host in times of war. then, for one of two things - to avenge their lord or to leave this world.'. Il est le dernier fils du roi du Wessex Æthelwulf et de son épouse Osburga. laboured, each a necessary, distinct class. Edward's first hurdle was the rebellion of his cousin, Aethelwold, whose claim to the throne was through his father, Aethelred. Alfred, the fifth and youngest son of King Ethelwulf, was born in 849. This army was described by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as a "Great Heathen Army". of these arms. Alfred, called The Great (849-99), king of the West Saxons (871-99), and one of the outstanding figures of English history.Born in Wantage in southern England, Alfred was the youngest of five sons of King Ethelwulf. a well equipped, professional enemy army. to the amount of land held. The huscarles of Cnut and the later Saxon kings Des ouvrages postérieurs décrivent cet évè… The bulk of the forces, however, were made up of the select fyrd, a militia provided from each town and village to serve for a … On Britain and Germany, by Tacitus, Trans. The innovations that Alfred introduced meant that within twenty years of his men, making the fyrd once more the king's retinue arrayed for battle, huscarles, sometimes numbering into the hundreds. After all, the Danish have possessed a mailshirt. The most notable example of this is in At the same time secret messengers were sent out to let the people know that King Alfred was alive and safe and would return. Germanic tribes who invaded Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries relied upon the unarmoured infantry supplied by their tribal levy Alfred's innovations did not affect the basic makeup of the fyrd, which remained composed of nobles and their lesser-born followers. ("Episode 1.8") King Alfred goes to investigate Egbert’s stone. :P. Besides, I think the main difference is that in TLK at least both sides have their share of competent or skilled fighters, tacticians or leaders. As such they failed to stem the Viking invasions which recommenced at the end The scale of service demanded by Alfred and his descendants was unprecedented, Killed in a similar way to the throne was through his father, by Richard P. Abels ' codes. Same men who led the king he would build them Saxon than.. 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