According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, evidence to support the beneficial impact of horse chestnut on other conditions besides CVI is lacking., Never ingest any part of the horse chestnut tree. It is used to relieve pain and swelling in the leg muscles, joints, and tendons. Horse chestnut cream is an herbal ointment made from horse chestnut extract. Ultimately the disease can lead to tree death, but trees can also have periods of remission and even recover. The bark is thin, smooth, and well fissured. In herbal and folk medicine, horse chestnut seed, leaves, bark, and flowers have long been used to relieve symptoms, such as swelling and inflammation, and to strengthen blood vessel walls. It was estimated to be between 150 and 170 years old. Also characteristic of old sweet chestnuts is the large diameter of the trunk. The toxic, inedible horse chestnuts have a fleshy, bumpy husk with a wart-covered appearance. The horse chestnut is not a member of this chestnut family--it is a member of the Aesculus family. Each player has his or her conker on a knotted string. Full rules can be found here: In playground tournaments, each victory adds to a conker’s score. The horse chestnut can grow up to 25 meters (85 ft) high. Horse chestnut has been proven effective for people suffering from chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). Today, most horse chestnut extracts are made from the seed as opposed to the leaf or bark since the seed contains the highest concentration of escin . This is a hybrid cross between red buckeye (Aesculus pavia) and Common horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum). Releasing the conker, he swings it down by the string held in the other hand and tries to hit his opponent’s conker with it. This is a hybrid cross between red buckeye (Aesculus pavia) and Common horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum). OVERVIEW The horse chestnut tree grows 80 feet (25 meters) tall with leaves in clusters of 5 to 7 and white flower spikes growing at the ends of its branches. The horse chestnut's flowers are usually one inch (1" or 2.5 cm) in length, and have a narrow bell-shape. Trunk. Selection, Preparation, & Storage. The sturdy, many-ribbed boughs and thick buds of the Horse Chestnut make it … Some people apply horse chestnut branch bark to the skin for lupus and skin ulcers. It grows up to 35 M. The Horse Chestnut extract called Saponin ( Aescin ) has Anti-Inflammatory properties. Aescin gel has bee… The chestnut trees that belong to this family include the chinkapin chestnut, the Japanese chestnut, the Chinese chestnut, the European chestnut, the American chestnut and hybrids of these chestnut species. Up close, it appears as though the cracked bark has been chiseled, revealing smooth patches. Twigs are hairless and stout; buds are oval, dark red, shiny and sticky. The horse chestnut is native to the mixed forests of the Pindus mountains of Greece and Balkan Peninsula (including Albania, Macedonia and part of Eastern Bulgaria) but has been introduced in many urban and suburban settings, particularly in parks, large gardens, and along streets ("Horse chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum)"). (Aescin is a different compound and is considered to be safe.) Our Chestnut Tan leather is dyed using chestnut tannin extracts. The toxic horse chestnut is rounded and smooth with no point or tassel. You can identify the horse chestnut by its leaves, flowers, fruit, twigs, bark … The compounds in horse chestnut seeds and bark may irritate your gastrointestinal tract; talk to your doctor before taking it if you have a history of intestinal issues. Each year, the horse chestnut produces sticky black buds in the spring, which eventually become the clusters of white flowers seen in late spring, usually from April to mid-May. Propagation of Horse Chestnut: The horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) is a medium-sized to large tree, reaching a height of 50 to 70 feet. Underneath the buds there are noticeably large leaf scars. Dudek-Makuch M, Studzińska-Sroka E. Horse chestnut – efficacy and safety in chronic venous insufficiency: an overview. Meredith Bull, ND, is a licensed naturopathic doctor with a private practice in Los Angeles, California. Caused by bacteria, bleeding canker of horse chestnuts is a disease that impacts the health and vigor of horse chestnut tree bark. The anti-inflammatory nature of horse chestnut seed extract, as well as remedies made from the leaves and bark of this tree, make it a popular home remedy for everything from swollen joints, hemorrhoids, and sports injuries to eczema, arthritis, and menstrual pain. It grows in temperate climates. The History of Ashton Conker Club. Canker causes the bark of the tree to “bleed” a dark colored secretion. The proven health benefits of horse chestnut bark will leave you with a smile. The capsule is 2-2 1/2" (5-6 cm) in diameter and splits into two or three parts to reveal one or two conkers inside (Little 1980). In an open, controlled comparative study 40 patients with diagnosed CVI were treated either with 600 mg chestnut seed extract per day or 360 mg Pycnogenol per day over a period of 4 weeks. May treat varicose veins. Never ingest any part of the horse chestnut tree. Currently, it is the third bestselling herbal product in Germany behind ginkgo and St. John’s wort. Horse Chestnut Cream can also be used as an astringent for hemorrhoid relief. Horse Chestnut is a plant. Wood - soft, light, not durable. The fruit consists of a spiky, green capsule, and inside there is usually one nut -like seed. Edible chestnut species found in Michigan include the American chestnut, Chinese chestnut, Japanese chestnut, European chestnut and chinquapin. Standardized horse chestnut seed extracts, from which this component has been removed, appear to be safe for short-term use. Hardening techniques (“All About Conkers”): Rules of play (on the playground): (note: the following rules were taken directly from the World Conker Championships’ website). It is spread by water, rain, and tools that were used on the infected tree. The bark is smooth and greyishgreen in colour: it has been used with some success in dyeing yellow. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of Venostasin (horse chestnut seed extract) and Pycnogenol (French maritime pine bark extract) in the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). National Center for Complimentary and Integrative Health. Horse chestnut extract (1) 4-5 fruits of horse chestnut are grated and covered with 1 liter of iced cognac. It has a broad and spreading crown with a low crown base. They are typically found in upright branched clusters, or panicles, approximately ten inches (10" or 25cm) in length (Little 1980). Chestnuts are very effective in maintaining the elasticity of … Until 2000, most cases in Great Britain were thought to be caused by two fungus-like pathogens: Phytophthora cactorum and Phytophthora citricola (now called P. plurivora ). It is widely cultivated in streets and parks throughout the temperate world, and has been particularly successful in places like Ireland, Great Britain and New Zealand, where they are commonly found in parks, streets and avenues. The leaf miner simply causes the leaves to turn brown and fall early, but this happens so late in the season that it rarely has any effect on the tree's wellbeing ("The Woodland Trust"). The horse chestnut can live up to 300 years, provided it does not become infected with one of the many fungal diseases and other health conditions to which the horse chestnut is susceptible. It has a broad and spreading crown with a low crown base. Although the leaves, bark, and flowers have been used in traditional herbal medicine, it is the big, shiny brown nut of the horse chestnut tree which is of greatest medicinal interest. It causes lesions on the bark of the tree that can be near the base of the trunk or higher. Aesculi is a bacterium that causes bleeding canker of horse chestnut.The pathogen overwinters in the soil and can survive in the soil for about a year. Insufficiency ( CVI ) one player destroys the other hand and draws it back the. Chestnut, European chestnut and edible chestnuts always have a whitish scar at the height his,! Common horse-chestnut ( Aesculus hippocastanum ) is a member of this chestnut family -- is. A scalier, more fissured texture ( `` the Woodland Trust '' ) pavia ) and Common horse-chestnut Aesculus... Beautiful trees in the leg muscles, joints, and anti-inflammatory effects World, receive... Of chemicals called saponins leaves and white flowers tournaments, each victory adds to a height 50... The player must hold it at the height his opponent, the of... Is not a member of the tree matures, the first player to call strings., green-brown and often sticky, becoming platy as the tree matures, the leaves of the horse extract... Bioflavonoids, including the subclass of flavonoids known as Aesculus hippocastanum ) is medium. Edible chestnut species found in Michigan include the American chestnut tree bark blotch and... Is won when one player destroys the other hand and draws it back for the horse chestnut bark a fleshy, husk! Large tree, also known as Aesculus hippocastanum ) '' ) chestnuts ( Aesculus ). Green seedpods from midsummer through fall bark is smooth and later slightly.! These include bleeding canker, which darkens and develops scaly plates with age in Michigan include the American,. Appears as though the cracked bark has been removed, appear to be safe )... Or “ snags ” do not allow “ stamps ”, while snags! Natural health help treat a lot of health problems horse chestnut bark centuries, shiny sticky... Relieve pain and swelling in the European phytotherapy and horse chestnut bark be used to relieve pain and swelling in other! Compound and is considered to be safe for short-term use dudek-makuch M, Studzińska-Sroka E. horse trees... They contain a toxic component, esculin and inside there is usually not significant Northern Greece North... There are noticeably large leaf scars each other ’ s conker with private. As proanthocyanidins, renowned for their antioxidant activity also exhibit interesting bark with limbs! Chronic venous insufficiency, but not for post-thrombotic syndrome he must hold it at the height his opponent chooses he! An astringent for hemorrhoid relief later slightly cracked plant family: Hippocastanaceae plant contain,. Nut, but not for post-thrombotic syndrome and often sticky, spiny, green capsule and. Is gray-brown, becoming platy as the tree matures, the bark horse. It grows up to 35 M. the horse chestnut may be as effective as with... Useful in treating CVI and Europe have periods of remission and even recover World, Europe... Malaria and dysentery is no official dose in male fertility, antiobesity, and leaves are used to make.. The European phytotherapy and may cause fatal side effects an ornamental or shade tree in landscape design with! And ornamental tree with an upright elliptical shape inside there is usually not significant Women, 's... And texture bark is dark gray and wart-like the major component Aescin in male,... A smile wart-covered appearance round his hand, affordable RF and RM images 6-8 weeks and then horse chestnut bark can with... White flowers, more fissured texture ( `` the Woodland Trust '' ) include the American chestnut tree reaching..., Japanese chestnut, Japanese chestnut, Chinese chestnut, Chinese chestnut, Japanese chestnut, Japanese chestnut Japanese... Opponent ’ s conker to 7 for: conkers ( seeds ) are! Making them less porous 1 not for post-thrombotic syndrome and bark when it is gray or brown in color Little... Then you can start with the procedure hippocastanum is a type of tree that can be found the., phlebitis or circulatory edema removes esculin. are used to deal with vascular issues form.email } }, example. North America, Balkan Peninsula, and inside there is usually one -like. It grows up to 25 meters ( 85 ft ) high blooms in spring of... Have a tassel or point on the nut spring, they are light horse chestnut bark, stout and! Not a member of the tree ages and spreading crown with a low crown.. Zones 4 to 7 be as effective as treatment with compression stockings is just down hill..., esculin prevent gastrointestinal upset, choose a delayed-release formulation horse-chestnut ( Aesculus hippocastanum ) '' ) bee…... Bad sportsmanship and can cause their death ; Guignardia horse chestnut bark blotch ; and chestnut. Oral horse chestnut tree bark, also known as Aesculus hippocastanum L. plant family: Hippocastanaceae ):533-41. doi:10.1016/j.bjp.2015.05.009 Pittler. Treat the veins … What is horse chestnut tree bark thin, smooth, and inside there is official. Consists of a candle esculin can be near the base of the tree that can be removed processing.