94, 300–318. 36, 441–470. Remember: no one deserves to experience abuse in any capacity and every type of abuse is serious. Kipnis, D., S. Schmidt and I. Wilkinson: 1980, ‘Intraorganizational Influence Tactics: Explorations in Getting One's Way’, Journal of Applied Psychology This paper offers a conceptualization and process model to help further theoretical and applied understanding, and it considers the ethical nature of power abuse. Pfeffer, J.: 1981, Power in Organizations (Pitman, Boston). Home / Thoughts & Commentary / Abuse of Power. The Journal of Business Ethics publishes original articles from a wide variety of methodological and disciplinary perspectives concerning ethical issues related to business. One type of abuse of power that might occur in leadership in workplaces is bullying. Categories. Terkel, S.: 1972, Working (Pantheon Books, New York). Two dimensions, disrespect for individual dignity and interference with job performance or deserved rewards, conceptualize the interpersonal abuse of power. The article Burned by Bullying in the American Workplace: Prevalence, Perception, Degree, and Impact, by Pamela Lutgen-Sandvik from the University of New Mexico and Sarah J. Tracy and Jess K. Alberts from Arizona State University, defines bullying as a persistent, enduring form of abuse at work. Women comprise 80 percent of targets. 3,000 new books annually, covering a wide range of subjects including biomedicine and the life sciences, clinical medicine, Yukl, G. and C. Falbe: 1991, ‘Importance of Different Power Sources in Downward and Lateral Relations’, Journal of Applied Psychology According to the Gender and Diversity program's website, supervisors can abuse their power through their speech, including making criticisms about employees’ physical appearance, work skills and intellect. 341–423. Subscription will auto renew annually. Norms and considerations of risk influence these decisions. And poorly behaving leaders are easier to see because their actions are more transparent than ever before. 9, 104–113. Although much theoretical and empirical research has examined organizational power, virtually none has addressed the hierarchical abuse of power in organizations. The style and level of dialogue involve all who are interested in business ethics – the business community, universities, government agencies and consumer groups. Tyler, T. and R. Bies: 1990, ‘Beyond formal Procedures: The Interpersonal Context of Procedural Justice’, in J. Carroll (ed. Examples of abuse of power in organizations include manipulation of workers. ), Applied Social Psychology and Organizational Settings (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale). 5, 3–21. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. A leader whose pretension are exposed will rapidly lose exp… ), Research in Organizational Behavior (JAI Press, Greenwich), pp. Part of Springer Nature. Power can be used in many ways in an organization. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. 3–34. But because of the potential for its misuse and the concerns that it may engender, it is important that the mangers fully understand the dynamics of using power. Its power varies depending on the area where it operates, but also has a relevant role in the market. 13, 43–59. Heisler, W. and J. Houck: 1977, A Matter of Dignity: Inquiries into the Humanization of Work (University of Notre Dame Press, South Bend). Drown, in many ways, they should: the abuse of power is so central to the dysfunction of our economies that it is scarcely possible to go on believing, because abuse isn’t not a peripheral problem, an “externality”, only ever using economic theories to structure our organizations … Examples of professional abuses of power include: A doctor prescribes a new drug treatment without telling the patient about all possible risks or … 36, 459–476. Norms and considerations of risk influence these decisions. McCall, M.: 1979, ‘Power, Authority and Influence’, in S. Kerr, S. Select the purchase volume 17, pages1337–1347(1998)Cite this article. Salancik, G. and J. Pfeffer: 1977, ‘Who Gets Powerand How They Hold on to It: A Strategic Contingency Model of Power’, Organizational Dynamic Kipnis, D.: 1972, ‘Does Power Corrupt?’, Journal or Personality and Social Psychology The Hierarchical Abuse of Power in Work Organizations 1339. or decrease others' feelings of dignity and. 1, 389–392. Lewin, K.: 1945, ‘The Research Center for Group Dynamics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology’, Sociometry Nord, W.: 1978, ‘Dreams of Humanization and the Realities of Power’, Academy of Management Review Humiliating an employee in front of his colleagues. Since its initiation in 1980, the editors have encouraged the broadest possible scope. Porter, L., R. Allen and H. Angle: 1981, ‘The Politics of Upward Influence in Organizations’, in L. Cummings and B. Staw (eds. This paper offers a conceptualization and process model to help further theoretical and applied understanding, and it considers the ethical nature of power abuse. The decision to abuse power leads to the enactment of power strategies, and they generate intended and unintended outcomes. All Rights Reserved. Transparency is a great disinfectant. Abuse of power or authority can take various forms. Kim Jong-Il. Langley, A.: 1989, ‘In Search of Rationality: The Purposes Behind the Use of Formal Analysis in Organizations’, Administrative Science Quarterly Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. We stand in the wake of the Harvey Weinstein and Bill Cosby scandals and so many other examples of the consequences of an imbalance of power in many walks of life – from charity workers in Haiti to TV personalities in the UK, right through to allegations of sexual harassment and abuse against members of the UK parliament and the President of the USA. Abuse of power or authority. Thes… In extreme cases, employees may reach the point where they wish to … Loverd, R.: 1989, ‘The Challenge of a More Responsible, Productive Public Workplace’, Public Productivity and Management Review Goleman, D.: December 28, 1986, ‘When the Boss is Unbearable’, New York Times (New York Times Publishing Company, New York). The role of power in an organization's value system will be reflected in various ways, including artifacts such as organizational behaviors that are accepting (and even encouraging) of power abuse. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Two dimensions, disrespect for individual dignity and interference with job performance or deserved rewards, conceptualize the interpersonal abuse of power. Wrong, D.: 1979, Power (Harper and Row, New York). T… House, R. and M. Baetz: 1979, ‘Leadership: Some Empirical Generalizations and New Research Directions’, in Staw, B. One of the distinguishing characteristics of typical managers is how dependent they are on the activities of a variety of other people to perform their jobs effectively.2Unlike doctors and mathematicians, whose performance is more directly dependent on their own talents and efforts, a manager can be dependent in varying degrees on superiors, subordinates, peers in other parts of the organization, the subordinates of peers, outside suppliers, customers, competitors, unions, regulating agencies, and many others. Some examples of power of attorney misuse include: Using the power of attorney for personal gain instead of for the elder’s benefit 75, 132–140. 13, 471–482. ), Research in Organizational Behavior (JAI Press, Greenwich), pp. 36, 245–272. Mechanic, D.: 1962, ‘Sources of Power of Lower Participants in Complex Organizations’, Administrative Science Quarterly Springer is one of the leading international scientific publishing companies, publishing over 1,200 journals and more than In addition to his official position, he may have added power because of his friendship with upper management, his reputation and record, or his willingness to … Excerpt from Research Paper : Abuses of Power Because all organizations are comprised of people, it is virtually inevitable that some individuals, most especially those in positions of authority, will acquire more power relative to others. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions. Lois Lerner used her position as head of the Exempt Organizations Unit of the IRS to deny mainly conservative groups exempt status. Asking for sexual favours from the employees or making inappropriate contact with employees. of the organization on whose board you sit, owes a debt of gratitude to Penn State. Boeker, W.: 1989, ‘The Development and Institutionalization of Subunit Power in Organizations’, Administrative Science Quarterly One of the biggest abuse of power, which I came across during my research, was North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un. Workers have no rights in the organization due to increased unemployment in the society. Abuse of the Patriot Act— Several provisions of the Patriot Act were set to expire at the end of … Brass, D. and M. Burkhardt: 1993, ‘Potential Power and Power Use: An Investigation of Structure and Behavior’, Academy of Management Journal 34, 388–410. Journal of Business Ethics 17, 1337–1347 (1998). 32.25; University of … Molz, R.: 1987, ‘Employee Job Rights: Foundation Considerations’, Journal of Business Ethics 34, 598–632. Abuse of Authority in the Workplace. 5, 48–60. Milgram, S.: 1974, Obedience to Authority (Harper and Row, New York). The Hierarchical Abuse of Power in Work Organizations. Behavioral examples of each dimension are provided. Allen, R. and L. Porter: 1983, Organizational Influence Processes (Scott, Foresman, Glenview). Examples include: Bullying or harassing behaviour Emerson, R.: 1962, ‘Power-dependence Relations’, American Sociological Review Employees need to distinguish between the various forms of abuse of power in the workplace. Reputation Building a positive reputation for your organization amongst stakeholders and the public. Harassing or bullying colleagues or subordinates. Conger, J. and R. Kanungo: 1988, ‘The Empowerment Process: Integrating Theory and Practice’, Academy of Management Review Schwartz, H.: 1987, ‘On the Psychodynamics of Organizational Totalitarianism’, Journal of Management This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Workers are given limits of freedoms since there is a larger segment of jobless individuals. Abuse of power can have an effect on people in the form of money, lifestyle living, and many other things. 6, 449–458. 76, 416–423. Boss mistreating employees when he/she is in a bad mood. Domination, or abuse of power, then becomes a condition of pathology. Zuboff, S.: 1988, In the Age of the Smart Machine (Basic Books, New York). SH and related CWBs are symptoms of a culture of power issues (including abuse) in the organization. Employee abuse in the workplace is an unfortunate part of daily working life for some people. Paul R Smokowski. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Coercive power is conveyed through fear of losing one’s job, being demoted, receiving a … (ed. Organizational conditions that allow or encourage the abuse of power and managers' particular sources of power interact with these motives and attributes to define decisions about abusing power. Abuse of Power. ... mission, geography, financial position, etc. Yukl, G. and C. Falbe: 1990, ‘Influence Tactics and Objectives in Upward, Downward and Lateral Influence Attempts’, Journal of Applied Psychology - 88.208.193.166. In using expert power, managers aware of their education, experience, and accomplishments as they apply to current circumstances. Mintzboerg, H.: 1983, Power In and Around Organizations (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs). In 2013, Mexico’s Attorney General for Consumer Protection shut down a restaurant based on a … For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions 27, 31–41. ), Research in Organizational Behavior (JAI Press, Greenwich), pp. The tone of a supervisor's voice--for example, a supervisor raising her voice at an employee or using foul language--can constitute emotional abuse. According to the Workplace Bullying Institute (WBI), in the workplace, slightly more than half of all bullies (58 percent) are women. Grossberg, S. and W. Gutowski: 1987, ‘Neural Dynamics of Decision Making Under Risk: Affective Balance and Cognitive-emotional Interactions’, Psychological Review Organizational conditions that allow or encourage the abuse of power and managers' particular sources of power interact with these motives and attributes to define decisions about abusing power. There are legislations that govern the protection of elderly abuse, human rights act 1998, data protection act 1984, and mental health act 1993-2000. Check out using a credit card or bank account with. This item is part of JSTOR collection Journal of Business Ethics Miner, J.: 1978, ‘Twenty Years of Research on Rolemotivation Theory of Managerial Effectiveness’, Personnel Psychology Clegg, S.: 1983, ‘Organizational Democracy, Power and Participation’, in C. Crouch and F. Heller (eds. The process model delineates powerholders' motives to abuse power and indicates individual attributes that increase the probability of their pur-suing these motives. In order to promote a dialogue between the various interested groups as much as possible, papers are presented in a style relatively free of specialist jargon. Kim Jong-Il literally lived the dream of being a billionaire playboy who owned his own … Although much theoretical and empirical research has examined organizational power, virtually none has addressed the hierarchical abuse of power in organizations. 31, 739–760. Speculative philosophy as well as reports of empirical research are welcomed. Coercive. Corporation New Peach is a publicly traded investment firm. Ignoring employees and threatening … 65, 440–452. The company reported 110 billion dollars in gross profits last year. Being in a position that gives this kind of power over other people can not be taken too lightly, however in some cases this is what exactly happens. Managers' incentives and discretion and subordinates' dependencies define the abuse of power as an important organizational issue. 109–150. The process model presented here recognizes an emotional component of the hierarchical abuse of power. Abuse of power examples: Constantly reminding an employee that they can be fired or replaced. October 2008; Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work 1(2):111-129; DOI: 10.1300/J394v01n02_08. Blanchard, K. and N. Peale: 1988, The Power of Ethical Management (William Morrow, New York). Pfeffer, J.: 1992, Managing with Power: Politics and Influence in Organizations (Harvard Business School Press, Boston). 13, 41–54. Forcing an employee to work overtime multiple times a week without additional pay. Schweiger, D., C. Anderson and E. Locke: 1985, ‘Complex Decision Making: A Longitudinal Study of Process and Performance’, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes ), Organizational Behavior (Grid Publishing, Columbus), pp. 1, 349–364. Pfeffer, J.: 1982, Organizations and Organization Theory (Pitman, Boston). 3, 674–678. Manz, C. and D. 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